Serving area of Chatham, Durham, Granville, Franklin, Johnston, Nash and Wake Counties.

Be Prepared: Emergency Kit Basics

Being prepared in emergencies is very important.  It is suggested that every household have some sort of emergency stocks that will provide security and food in the event of an emergency, power outage, blizzard, hurricane, etc. The following are things that every household should have:

Keeping a stocked first aid kit is one way that we can be prepared for emergencies, big and small.  A first aid kit should be kept in your home, car, office, and you should keep one readily available whenever you go hiking, boating, to the beach, camping, etc. Many types of first aid kits are available for purchase already stocked with the basic needs for first aid and some are stocked for very specific activities.  However, most of them do not include everything that you might need in case of injury.  Here are the recommendations of the American Red Cross as to what should be included in your basic first aid kits:

Absorbent compress dressings (5×9 inches)

Adhesive bandages (assorted sizes)

Adhesive cloth tape (10 yds x 1 inch)

Antibiotic ointment packets

Antiseptic wipe packets

Packets of aspirin (81 mg each)

Emergency blanket

Breathing barrier (with one-way valve)

Instant cold compresses

Non latex gloves (size large)

Hydrocortisone ointment packets

Gauze roll bandage

Roller bandage

Sterile gauze pads (4×4 inches)

Oral thermometer

Triangular bandages

Tweezers

Emergency First Aid guide

Any medications anyone needs

Emergency telephone numbers

Make sure to check the kit regularly and refill anything that has been used and replace anything that may have expired.

Another type of emergency kit that every household should have is a survival kit.  This should be easy enough to carry with you in the event that you should need to evacuate. Here are the things that are recommended for these survival kits:

Water: One gallon per person per day (3 day supply for evacuation and 2 week supply for home)

Food: non-perishable, easy to prepare items (3 day supply for evacuation, 2 week supply for home)

Flashlights or head lamps

Battery-powered or hand crank radio (NOAA Weather Radio)

Extra batteries

Family first aid kit

Medications (7 day supply) and medical items (inhalers, things required for checking blood sugar for diabetics, etc)

Multi-purpose tool

Sanitation and personal hygiene items

Copies of personal documents (medication list and medical information for each person, proof of address, deed/lease to home, passports, birth certificates, insurance policies, etc.)

Cell phones with chargers

Family and emergency contact information

Extra cash

Emergency blanket

Maps of the area

Whistle

Masks

Matches

Rain gear

Towels

Extra clothing and sturdy shoes

Camping equipment

Make sure that you have accounted for the needs of each family member (baby needs, hearing aid with extra batteries, glasses, contact lenses, etc.) and include anything else you may need in the event of region specific disasters.

Remember to stock and restock  your kits regularly so that in the event of an emergency or disaster, you will be as ready as possible.

Check out https://www.redcross.org/get-help/how-to-prepare-for-emergencies/anatomy-of-a-first-aid-kit.html for more information and to purchase a ready made first aid kit if you would like.

 

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